All online links were accessed in October 2021.
10–11 DEFINITIONS A MANY-HEADED BEAST TAKES ON NEW GUISES by Janne Mende
p.10: ILO, Walk Free Foundation, Global Estimates of Modern Slavery, 2017, https://bit.ly/3pcGZ0I, p.17. – p.11: ibid. p.5.
12–13 ETYMOLOGY SHADOWS OF THE PAST by Dietmar Bartz
p.13: u/lolikus, Slave in European languages,
https://bit.ly/3vli63E. Wiktionary, slave,
https://bit.ly/3DGwrea. Wordsense, slave,
14–15 SUPPLY CHAINS FORCED LABOUR IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
by Genevieve LeBaron and Ellie Gore
p.14: Global Slavery Index 2018,
https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.IV. – p.15: ILO et al.,
Ending child labour, forced labour and
human trafficking in global supply chains,
2019, https://bit.ly/3mZQP3b, p.9 f., 14 f.
16–17 TRAFFICKING ACTION NEEDED by Bandana Pattanaik
p.16: UN Treaty Collection, https://bit.ly/3bhrMTR,
Chapter XVIII, No. 12a, TIP 2021, https://bit.ly/3GbIjXL, p.60 above (incorrect). –
p.17: TIP 2021, https://bit.ly/3GbIjXL p.60 below.
18-19 CHILD SOLDIERS BRAINWASHED, DRUGGED AND RAPED by Susan Tiefenbrun
p.18: AFT, Child Soldiers, The New Faces of War,
2005/2006, https://bit.ly/3vlaVIN. – p.19: UN, 4
out of 10 child soldiers are girls, 2015,
https://bit.ly/3BQ74G5. UN, Children and Armed
Conflict, https://bit.ly/30BMdZy. Coalition to Stop the
Use of Child Soldiers, Child Soldiers Global Report
2008, https://bit.ly/3lP176V. Deutsches Bündnis
Kindersoldaten, Kurzinformation Kindersoldatinnen,
2020, https://bit.ly/3BTHVKJ. MEI, Begin with the
children: Child soldier numbers doubled in the
Middle East in 2019, 2020, https://bit.ly/3pcgics.
OCHA reliefweb, Yemen, Militarized Childhood,
2021, https://bit.ly/3jv0D4r. CNN, Child soldier use
around the world, 2015, https://cnn.it/3FUHSRc.
NYT, Warfare Waged by the Young, 2007,
https://nyti.ms/3lP1GO5. Aljazeera, Reintegrating
child soldiers in Burundi, 2016, https://bit.ly/3pfLtU7.
Reuters, Pandemic woes seen swelling global ranks
of child soldiers, 2021, https://reut.rs/3BLHNgl.
20–21 INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION REWRITING THE INTERNATIONAL RULEBOOK by Sandrine Kott
p.20: ILO Normlex, https://bit.ly/3CdTxsc. – p.21: ILO Normlex, https://bit.ly/3b0GqyG (Convention 29),
https://bit.ly/2XJ4zqw (Convention 105),
https://bit.ly/3vFeTMH (Convention 182). Wikipedia,
https://bit.ly/3B9hxv2 (non ILO nembers).
22–21 CIVIL SOCIETY FIGHTING FOR WHAT IS RIGHT by Kate Hodal
p.22: Gapminder, Legal Slavery v1 – Documentation,
2017, https://bit.ly/3FRHTWl. – p.23 above: The
Conversation, Slavery is not a crime in almost half
the countries of the world – new research, 2020,
https://bit.ly/3BRkEJs. – p.23 below: ILO, Systemic
forced labour and child labour has come to an end
in Uzbek cotton, 2021, https://bit.ly/3vjjEvg.
24–25 MAURITANIA LAWS ON PAPER ONLY by Krishni Satchi
p.24: Population 2020, https://bit.ly/3DQktig. Area,
https://bit.ly/3lKBUKJ. GDP, https://bit.ly/3n1axvs.
Poverty 2020, https://bit.ly/3j6bWQf,
https://bit.ly/3b1yrBz. – p.25: Encyclopedia Britannica,
Mauritania, 2003, https://bit.ly/30ujQfD. Urs Peter Ruf,
Ending Slavery, 1999, https://bit.ly/3mWUH4W,
p.137. Scientific American, Kevin Bales, The social
psychology of modern slavery, 2002,
https://bit.ly/3APK7BJ. BBC, 2008, https://bbc.in/3j6cYf5.
Max Fisher 2011, https://bit.ly/3pjzNzA.
Global Slavery Index 2016, https://bit.ly/3APnX2C, p.122.
Global Slavery Index 2018, https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.69. 26–27 MALI
NO LAW AT ALL by Liévin Feliho
p.26: Wikipedia, https://bit.ly/3DVAR0Z,
https://bit.ly/3n5Voc2. – p.27 above: Arcgis, Mali
Ethnic Groups, https://bit.ly/3pcwCKg.
Baz Lecocq, The Bellah Question, 2005,
https://bit.ly/3jvhe8f. Naffet Keita, following
https://bit.ly/2YUr0co. Global Slavery Index 2016,
https://bit.ly/3APnX2C, p.73. Global Slavery
Index 2018, https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.70. –
p.27 below: Population 2020, https://bit.ly/3DQktig.
Area, https://bit.ly/3lKBUKJ. GDP,
https://bit.ly/2XjpqAi. Poverty 2020,
28–29 COCOA BITTER CHOCOLATE by Samuel Okyere
p.28: NORC Final Report: Assessing Progress
in Reducing Child Labor in Cocoa Production in
Cocoa Growing Areas of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana,
2020, https://bit.ly/30r3cgW, p.52. – p.29: ibid.,
p.48 f., 54, 62, 66, 80.
30–31 LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION by Toni Keppeler
p.30: AREC, Atlas Caribbean, https://bit.ly/3BSLLnl.
Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas, 2012,
https://bit.ly/2Z3R05x. – p.31 above: slavevoyages.org,
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade – Estimates, https://bit.ly/2YW6tEV. – p.31 below: ibid.,
Timeline: Number of Captives Embarked and
Disembarked per Year, https://bit.ly/2YUyo7C.
32–33 HAITI CHILD LABOUR AMONG THE POOREST OF THE POOR by Fiona de Hoog Cius
p.32: CDC, Research Brief: Haitian Children who
are Domestic Servants are Vulnerable to Violence,
2018, https://bit.ly/3aISh4l. – p.33 above: PAD,
Lost Childhoods in Haiti, 2009,
https://bit.ly/2XoXvz6, p.27. – p.33 below: Haiti
now, 2020, https://tabsoft.co/3AR1VfF.
34–35 BRAZIL EXCELLENT FOR EXPLOITATION by Franz Ebert
and Luiza Soares Mariano Costa
p.34: Rodrigo Martins Baptista et al., The
invisibility of the black population in modern
slavery: evidence based on conditions of social
vulnerability, 2018, https://bit.ly/3vp85mm,
Abb. 3. – p.35: ibid., Heat Map, Abb. 1. Painel
de Informações e Estatísticas da Inspeção do
Trabalho no Brasil, Trabalho Escravo,
36–37 AUSTRALIA KIDNAPPED TO RANCHES AND CANEFIELDS by Sue Thompson
p.36: Wikipedia, Blackbirding,
https://bit.ly/3FYN06O. – p.37: ibid. The
Christensen Fund, Faendem Baek Famili
Workshop, 2014, https://bit.ly/3DN1uVG, p.16–18.
38–39 FISHING CAUGHT IN THE NET by Elise Gordon
p.38: G. Macfadyen et al., The Illegal, Unreported
and Unregulated Fishing Index, 2019,
https://bit.ly/3C5Cmct, p.27. TMT, Combined IUU
Vessel List, https://bit.ly/3jcgzbw. ITF, Billigflaggen,
https://bit.ly/2YYgYrg. – p.39: Gavin G. McDonald
et al., Satellites can reveal global extent of forced
labor in the world’s fishing fleet, 2021, https://bit.
40–41 CAMBODIA BUILDING BLOCKS BUT DESTROYING LIVES by Katherine Brickell
p.40: Population 2020, https://bit.ly/3DQktig.
Area, https://bit.ly/3lKBUKJ. GDP,
https://bit.ly/3BVZlXa. Poverty 2020,
https://bit.ly/3n3gWGr, https://bit.ly/2XlYno9. –
p.41: Katherine Brickell et al., Blood Bricks, 2018,
https://bit.ly/3FY4jVV, p.30, 47, 49.
42–43 NORTH KOREA STATE-SPONSORED TRAFFICKING by Remco Breuker
p.42: Population 2020, https://bit.ly/3DQktig. Area,
https://bit.ly/3lKBUKJ. GDP, https://bit.ly/3jb7KyN,
https://bit.ly/3jb8dB3. Hunger, https://bit.ly/3n1u6no. –
p.43: EWC, NCNK, North Korea in the World,
Overseas Workers, 2021, https://bit.ly/3vnSfbG.
44–45 AFGHANISTAN GIRLS UNDER PRESSURE by Marion Guillaume
p.44: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Central
Statistics Organization, Afghanistan Living Conditions
Survey 2016–17, Kabul 2018, https://bit.ly/3E6iGpi,
p.22. Rawa News, Samsama Seerat, Child marriage still
a challenge for Afghan girls, 2016, https://bit.ly/3Cl0uri.
– p.45: Unicef, Child Marriage in Afghanistan, 2018,
https://bit.ly/3vCmXhb, S.12, 22, 25.
46–47 LEBANON DOMESTIC POLICY by Aya Majzoub
p.46: Banque du Liban, Data Series, A42 Worker’s
Remittances, https://bit.ly/3lQrZmZ. Lebanese Lira
Converter, https://bit.ly/3pga6jx. – p.47 above: ILO,
Intertwined: the workers’ side, 2016,
https://bit.ly/3FS6nid, p.15, 19, 22. – p.46 below:
Wikipedia, Marriageable age, https://bit.ly/3jb9Uyp.
48–49 EUROPE POVERTY AND PROMISES by Keno Verseck
p.49: TIP Report 2011, https://bit.ly/3p97Zy3, p.51. TIP
Report 2021, https://bit.ly/3vjmccA, p.52 f., 56, 70.
50–51 MIGRATION WITHOUT RIGHTS, HIDING IN PLAIN SIGHT by Kim Weidenberg
p.50/51: UNODC, Global Report on Trafficking in
Persons 2018, https://bit.ly/3b6k2UG, p.52–59.
52–56 DATA SERIOUS SUBJECT, DUBIOUS DATA by Dietmar Bartz
p.52: Walk Free Foundation, Global Slavery Index 2018,
https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.168. ILO, Methodology of
the global estimates of modern slavery: Forced labour
and forced marriage, 2017, https://bit.ly/3lQOKam,
p.79 f., 91 f. Wikipedia, https://bit.ly/3lPgyfp.
Population 2015, UN, https://bit.ly/3vnJsWR. – p.53:
Walk Free Foundation, Global Slavery Index 2018,
https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.29. – p.54: Methodology (cf.
p.44), p.47, 83. ILO, Walk Free Foundation, Global
Estimates of Modern Slavery, 2017, https://bit.ly/3pcGZ0I,
p.18. – p.55: Walk Free Foundation, Global Slavery
Index 2018, https://bit.ly/2Z3VUzl, p.31, 72, 156 f.